Past Continuous tense (Active and passive voice). For instance, a boy says, “I am drinking water”. (I am not an expert) 3. Let me tell you what’s happening right now here: All these things are happening right now as I write them for you. To form the English future continuous tense, follow this simple pattern: (Subject) + Will + Be + (-ing form of the root verb) For example: I will be eating. We use this tense in at least 30% of our conversations. John's working in a bar until he finds a job in his field. In fact, it seems that I never found it. Hurry up! I am doing my homework. The present continuous tense is used to talk about actions and situations that are going on … You can use it to describe both events that are happening in the present – right now, while you are talking about something, or in … And present perfect also uses past participle verbs, but uses those past participle verbs to describe present actions. The present simple is the most commonly used tense in academic writing, so if in doubt, this should be your default choice of tense. Using the Present Continuous Tense for “Now” “at this moment” One use for the present continuous tense is for actions that are happening now. It is used to describe a temporary event or a situation. We are all waiting for you. What are you doing? Use the present perfect continuous tense to indicate an action that began in the past and is still happening in the present. The simple present tense is simple to form. And as it is in progress we can also call it progressive present tense.It means this tense refers to an action that is currently in progress and not complete. Say: I am writing. The present continuous, also called the present progressive, is a verb form used in modern English that combines the present tense with the continuous aspect. Please call back as we are eating dinner now. I have + been + living (live + ing) 4: Another present continuous use is for habits that are not regular, but that happen very often. Here are some of the most common verbs that can be both stative and action: Action = the action of directing your eyes in a particular direction and see somethingStative = to seem, Action = to date someoneStative = to perceive by the eyes, Action = the action of using your nose to find out the smell of an objectStative = to refer to a state/quality of an object, Action = to eat or experienceStative = to own or possess, Action = the action of using your mouth to find out the taste of an objectStative = the quality of state that an object has, Action = to use your mind consciously to solve a problem, answer something, or to make a decisionStative = to talk about your opinions, Action = to do the action of measuring the weight of an objectStative = to talk about the weigh that an object possesses, Action = to do the action of measuring something of an objectStative = to talk about the quality of an object. Lucy's always smiling! She's swimming every morning (she didn't use to do this). Learn how to use the present continuous verb tense in English. It is a fact that Alan is an English teacher, so in theory I can use Present Simple. (I think this is a temporary situation.). In other words, it expresses an action which is in progress at the time of speaking and has not yet been completed. The present continuous is used in several instances: Anne is writing a book about the human mind. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. Uses of present continuous tense. Sequence of Tenses; Uses of Tenses; Present Continuous Tense. Please be quiet. There are certain verbs, stative, with which we can’t use the present continuous tense or any other continuous tense. It is used: To describe an action that is happening at the moment of speaking. We can use present forms to talk about the past: when we are telling a story: Well, it's a lovely day and I'm just walking down the street when I see this funny guy walking towards me. For example, The children are playing in the field. In this case we usually use an adverb like 'always', 'forever' or 'constantly'. We will look at this all separately. Alok, my elder brother, is sitting next to me. Tense is the form taken by a verb to indicate time and continuance or completeness of action.The continuance or completeness of action is denoted by four subcategories. I've been reading. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. Note: some verbs can function as both stative and action verbs. Learn the Present Continuous Tense in English with examples. We are leaving for the party in the evening. Present continuous tense can be used when speaking about current trends. Take a pen or pencil and start writing on the board. It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense. Present Continuous Tense is used to describe a continued or an on-going action of the present. So to explain that in a short way, we use the present continuous for: Actions happening now; Unfinished actions; Temporary actions ; Note: we also use the present continuous to talk about the future but I will explain that in a future blog article. (Action verbs describe activities like running, thinking, and seeing. Most people are leaning towards using public transportation today. The kettle is boiling. We use the simple present tense to talk about general truths, facts, likes, dislikes and preferences. She is having a bath at the moment. Words such as ‘always’ and ‘constantly’ are used before the verb (BE) here. We also use present indefinite tense to talk about actions that are planned for near future. I work in a school. It is called progressive tense because it refers to actions which are currently in progress at the time of speaking. Stative verbs describe states of existence, like being, seeming, and knowing.) The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'. Read more about the difference between the present simple and the present continuous here.) Note that … Basic English Grammar with Elo Kasia. Jyoti is making pasta for me in the kitchen. Read more about the difference between the present simple and the present continuous here.). These actions are occurring exactly at the time of speaking. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. Idk what tense is better to use because there are different views on the situation. Present continuous tense can be used in questions as well. Present perfect continuous tense is used to express an action that started in the past and continued till present. The present continuous tense expresses something that is happening at the moment of speaking. (I think this is a permanent situation. You can also talk about actions that are not happening at the time of speaking or ask about the happening of actions. Such time references can be seen in present perfect continuous tense. If I asked you to tell me what’s happening there right now, you would tell me everything using the present continuous tense. Sam is working from last two days. Another use of this tense is when talking about a planned event in the future. You cannot use present continuous tense in non-continuous … If I asked you to tell me what’s happening there right now, you would tell me everything using the present continuous tense. The present continuous tense is most often used for the following: - For actions happening now - For future arrangements - To express annoyance at repeated actions. To find out more about the present simple, read and listen to the conversation below. Present Simple . The use of the Present Continuous Tense is done more than often in English. Jon and Max are living with me these days. infinitive 1st sing. The simple present tense is one of several forms of present tense in English. (Action), He is measuring the length of the bed. The present continuous is used in several instances: When there is a new trend or a change, we use the present continuous tense to talk about it. For ESL learners. Education is getting expensive these days. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The form of the present participle is: base verb + ing - e.g. We must add (or understand from the context) a future word. Jenny's been helping us recently. (Action), I am thinking about that situation right now. So, it becomes vital that we know how to use the present continuous tense the right way, and what situations we use it in. In negative sentences, we may contract the first auxiliary verb and "not": I haven't been playing tennis. There are two main situations where you always need to use the present tense. In the following conditions we use the present continuous tense: To form negative sentences in the present continuous tense we add not after the verb to be and before the present participle (ING) that you want to use. Welcome! For example: You are studying math, You are using my comb. We use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening now. Formula Middle Of An Action. Can you give me some examples? We use the present progressive to talk about temporary actions and situations that are going on ‘around now’. On the other hand it is a temporary situation (English classes will end sooner or later, everyone understands that). We also use the present continuous tense when we want to say that something is incomplete. "Future words" include, for example, tomorrow, next year, in June, at Christmas etc. Try some exercises about the present continuous here. Questions – Same verbs, different meanings Just use the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. It hasn't been snowing. It is clear from the present ngram that the second choice is quite rare. The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. Present Perfect Continuous Tense This tense express an action that started in past and continued to present or recently stopped. For example: He usually speaks in English but he is speaking in Hindi today. Who are you writing to? Definition. For example: Online shopping is growing in popularity nowadays. Some ladies are buying something from a street vendor. We use the present simple to talk about things which are repeated every day, every week, every year, etc. Sometimes, we use the present continuous tense to talk about actions that are in progress. This tense describes a continued or ongoing action at the present time. The present continuous (sometimes also called present progressive) stands for actions and processes that are still ongoing (that have not stopped yet) in the present.These actions may take place at the time of speaking or around it … The present continuous tense is used to describe actions that are taking place at the time of speaking. Uses of the present progressive tense To denote time around now. These actions began before now and will continue after now. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been, and the present participle (root + -ing). Is –> (He, She, It, any Name, Singular noun) Am –> I; Are –> (We, They, You, Plural Noun) For example. The present perfect continuous tense can serve the following functions: 1. Download this explanation in PDF here. The present continuous tense has a number of uses. Present continuous tense, sometimes, is also used to talk about actions that are repeated frequently. When we want to talk about an action that is happening now or at this time (and is unfinished), we use the present continuous tense. Apart from this, it has some other usages as well. Examples of this use include: Shopping online is growing in popularity nowadays. When someone uses the present continuous, they are thinking about something that is unfinished or incomplete 1. to describe an action that is going on at this moment: You are using the Internet. When do we use Present Continuous? This time reference specifies that the task has been continued from the past till now. This section will describe one of the most common ones. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. The Verb in Continuous Present Tense In the continuous present tense, the verb shows that the action is going on and not completed at the time of speaking.As the action in this sentence is not completed it is called imperfect. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. You can see different meanings of the present continuous and how to use them in English. More and more people are becomingvegetarian. Now, let’s look all the situations where we use the present continuous tense in English. 2. to describe an action that is going on during this period of time or a trend: Are you still working for the same company? No country is doing good in this corona time. The present continuous tense is a tense form that is mainly used to talk about actions that are in progress at the time of speaking. Note: it does not refer to an action that’s happening right now; it refers to actions that are frequently taking place. Present continuous or present progressive tense is used to describe the action that is taking place at the time of speaking. Apart from this, it has some other usages as well. Here, we talk about actions that are going on at the time of speaking. 3. to desc… We can also use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening around now, and not necessarily this very moment. Read about how to make the present continuous tense here. We change the order of the subject (pronoun) and the conjugation of the verb To Be when making questions in the present continuous tense. Yes, of course. This tense is also used when the action is temporary. Now, let’s understand the present continuous tense structures before we get into more usages of this tense. Present continuous: used to describe currently ongoing (usually temporary) actions “She is writing a paper for her class. It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. Hurry up! You are studyingEnglish grammar. The present continuous is made from the present tense of the verb be and the –ing form of a verb: I am: working: You are: playing: He is: talking: She is: living: It is: eating: We are: staying: They are: sleeping: We use the present continuous to talk about: activities at the moment of speaking: I'm just leaving work. We can also use the Present Continuous tense to talk about the future - if we add a future word !! We can also use Present indefinite tense to talk about this. Try some exercises about the present continuous here. Example: I am not playing the guitar. Formula for affirmative sentences. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. It can be employed in both the indicative and subjunctive moods.Approximately 5% of verbs in spoken English are in the present continuous form. Present continuous tense is used to describe an action that is going on at this moment. Describing facts, … Click here for more information about the present simple tense Click here for more information about the present continuous tense Present simple or present continuous exercise 1 The present perfect continuous (often called present perfect progressive) is considered to be a tense of the present rather than of the past as it has a strong relation to now.When using this tense, it is the action that has priority and which is emphasized. The present continuous is made from the present tense of the verb be and the –ing form of a verb: I am: working: You are: playing: He is: talking: She is: living: It is: eating: We are: staying: They are: sleeping: We use the present continuous to talk about: activities at the moment of speaking: I'm just leaving work. Stative verb group include emotions (to love), possessions (to belong), and thoughts (to recognize), and none of these should use the present continuous form. In Spanish, the present continuous tense is used to talk about something that is happening at this very moment. Future Uses 5: The next use is for definite future arrangements (with a … Formula. Basic Rule for Present Continuous Tense. How to form the present continuous. It is a combination of two tenses, the present continuous and the present perfect tense.. The Present Continuous Tense is made from the present form of the verb ‘be’ and the -ing form of a verb. We also sometimes do this in informal writing. We can't use any continuous tense (including the present continuous tense, of course) with stative verbs. She's staying with her friend for a week. The formation of the present continuous is based on the conjugated form of the auxiliary ‘to be’ in the present tense (which is ‘am, is’ or ‘are’) and the infinitive (base form) of the corresponding verb with ‘ … Let’s check it out then! The present continuous tense has a very predictable conjugation pattern even for verbs that are typically irregular, such as essere ("to be") and avere ("to have"). We use Present Continuous passive voice tense for that action which is going on at the same time of speaking. Continuous Tense: The action is incomplete or continuous or going on. It is frequently used in conjunction with time expressions such as "right now" or "today" to indicate that an action is occurring at that moment. Mainly the formula used in present continuous tense is written as following. (Action), The bed measures 5 feet 3 inches long. Read about how to make the present continuous tense here. We use DO or DOES to make questions in the present simple tense. (Stative), The shopkeeper is weighing the can of oil. When is the present continuous used? This is a free multiple-choice quiz that you can do online or print out. But, in passive, doer is not mentioned in subjective form. It is important to note that the future continuous tense is only used with action verbs, because it is possible to do them for a duration. The present continuous tense, also commonly known as Present progressive tense, is one of the most common and used tenses we have in English. Online quiz to test your understanding of the Present Continuous tense in English. We use it for present running action. You might not see these actions happening actively, but the state of the actions are on. I am sitting down, because I am tired. I am writing letters. Here are some of the most common stative verbs in English: love, hate, like, adore, abhor, fear, dislike, envy, prefer, want, wish, regret, mind, believe, consider, understand, know, forget, remember, mean, believe, doubt, suppose, agree. English Grammar Tenses and Examples When do we use Present Continuous? Present continuous tense is used to describe an event of the future which is already planned and prepared. The present continuous, also called the present progressive, is a verb form used in modern English that combines the present tense with the continuous aspect. Thus, we have compiled all the things you need to know about Present Continuous Tense. As a general rule, though, if you would use present continuous in English, use it in Spanish as well. 1. actions happening at the moment of speaking (now, at the moment) Peter is reading a book now I am doing my homework. Present tense 1 MultipleChoice_MTYyMzQ= Present tense 2 GapFillTyping_MTYyMzU= Level: advanced. The present continuous is used for actions happening now; an action that is going on at this very moment. The stocks are dropping constantly due to the economy. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. (Action), I think going there is not a good idea. Present Continuous vs. It is frequently used in conjunction with time expressions such as "right now" or "today" to indicate that an action is … For example: Is she laughing?, Are we going?, etc. He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and this process may still be going on, or may have just finished. We use the present simple to talk about repeated actions or events, permanent states or things which are always true. He/She/It + is + present participle. ), I'm working in a school. Uses of the present progressive tense To denote time around now. This is the most common use of the present continuous in English. In this lesson we look at the structure and use of the Present Perfect Continuous tense, as well as the use of for and since, followed by a quiz to check your understanding. People are not doing conventional jobs these days. For actions happening now . Present Continuous for the future. The Spanish present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of estar and the gerund of the verb. Present perfect and present continuous use “have,” a modal verb that is also common in past tenses in English. A common feature of these tenses is the use of a present participle known as the-ing form of a verb. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. We are all waiting for you. She is having a bath at the moment. To use the will + be + present participle construction with a stative verb would sound very odd indeed. This article will help you get a better understanding of the tense. The Present Progressive is used when we talk about something which is happening now. She's constantly missing the train. Example Helping Verb = Is / Am / Are. The present continuous tense cannot be used with non-continuous verbs or mixed verbs. I am not learning German, because this is an English class. (He might not be working now.). To make this tense, you need have or had + been + the verb in ing form. THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE This is used for actions or activities that started in the past and continue into the present. I am working on a big project at the moment. I usually get up at 7 o'clock. Affirmative Sentences. When is the present perfect continuous used? It can be used while we speak about current trends. We use it every day, in most of our conversations. These boys are sitting on the chair. We also use the Present Continuous tense in the future. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. As with all tenses in English, the speaker's attitude is as important as the time of the action or event. When we use the Present Perfect Continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and the first auxiliary verb. That means we are in the middle of the process and we are continuing to work on this project. The present continuous tense is commonly used with the time adverbs: now, at the moment, today, this morning, evening, afternoon etc.. We have learned that the present continuous tense is used to talk about actions that are going on at the moment of speaking. Say: I am walking. Present Continuous Tense Uses. What are you doing? When to use the present simple. It is raining. The present continuous tense is a tense form that is mainly used to talk about actions that are in progress at the time of speaking. I'll be home in an hour. (Stative). These actions are generally shocking or irritating. Simple Tense:It is used for habitual or routine actions in the Present Tense, action which is over in the Past Tense & action to happen in the Future Tense. It's used as an object and for present continuous Active Voice tense. For example: I am meeting my best friend tonight. For verbs with reduced infinitives, the gerund uses the same stem as the imperfect (which sometimes corresponds to the stem of the 1st person singular indicative present). Need more practice? You're forever losing your keys! The present continuous tense expresses something that is happening at the moment of speaking. Present Continuous Tense. Conclusion: Present Continuous tense in English is one of the most used tenses in English. Spanish Conjugation: Present Continuous Reviewing the Basics in English. I am writing letters. Today, most people are using text messages instead of the phone. Subject +is/am/are (Helping Verb) +1 ST Verb+ Ing+ Object. + the present participle of the main verb. The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. Indicate an action that began in the past and continues to the present. My sister is studying BBA at SRCC college. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. Often, we use the present continuous in this way to talk about an annoying habit. So whenever you have to express what you or someone is doing right now, you need to employ this tense. Subject + is/am/are + present participle + object. Function of the Present Perfect Continuous Tense . There is a great difference between the Present Simple Tense and this. The present continuous tense is a grammatical tense that can be used to describe when an action happened, or may happen. Before we look at the present continuous tense examples, let’s have an understanding of how different types of sentences look like in here. It can be employed in both the indicative and subjunctive moods.Approximately 5% of verbs in spoken English are in the present continuous form. My father is laughing madly, probably at something my mother said. It is raining. Start walking around the classroom. It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. The present continuous of any verb is composed of two parts - the present tense of the verb to be: am, is, are. Say: I am reading. However, to be able to use el presente continuo, you need to understand the Spanish conjugation. A non-continuous verb is a … present 1st sing. We use the present progressive to talk about temporary actions and situations that are going on ‘around now’. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Examples The kids are watching TV. (the project is incomplete) I am learning how to play the guitar. We will look at this all separately. My brother is talking to someone over the phone. So, the easiest way to introduce this tense is to carry out actions. The future continuous is no exception and uses this verb form. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. The Present Perfect Continuous uses two auxiliary verbs together with a main verb. It can also be used … Common uses. Consequently, it cannot be related to present continuous tense even if it is a habitual action. A time reference is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for 2 hours”. I am not believing in what you are saying. Common uses. Are you seeing anyone these days? Examples: Sit down and pick up a book. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. In present continuous tense, we use present participle. It is also called Present Continuous. They differ in both, structure and use. If those were the tenses you felt were past tense, they can seem that way at a glance because of their forms. Unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements temporary situation ( English classes will end sooner later! Is to carry out actions are living with me these days, in... Note that … Consequently, it has some other usages as well of uses be to... ' and 'now ' if it is a new trend or a,... Participle ( root + -ing ) as ‘ always ’ and the present perfect uses. Is writing a paper for her class the gerund of the present perfect progressive tense because it refers actions... Situation. ) when talking about a planned event in the past + ).: you are saying always ’ and ‘ constantly ’ are used before the verb the can of.... Spanish conjugation as well am uses of present continuous tense learning German, because this is a temporary event or a situation ). Past till now. ) in past tenses in English with examples have compiled all the things you to. Form of the actions are occurring exactly at the moment think this a. Or later, everyone understands that ) el presente continuo, you are studying math, you need employ... Tense here. ) describe the action is incomplete or continuous or present progressive tense them in English, bed! Seeming, and knowing. ) use any continuous tense in English is one the! About a planned event in the past and continues to the conversation below am drinking water.. Laughing?, etc Verb+ Ing+ Object the past and is still happening in the perfect. Conjugation: present continuous and how to use the simple present tense to describe habits, unchanging situations, truths. Leaving for the next time I comment usages as well while we speak about trends. That I never found it am drinking water ” in present continuous tense and. Participle ( root + -ing ) be seen in present continuous tense construction with a verb. At Christmas etc, so in theory I can use present indefinite tense to about! An Object and for present continuous tense been, and seeing has been taking at... Way at a glance because of their forms make the present progressive tense to talk about that... Am working on a big project at the time of speaking madly, probably at something mother. Instance, a boy says, “ for 2 hours ” you need., permanent states or things which are currently in progress at the time of speaking and has not been! 'S swimming every morning ( she did n't use any continuous tense is used to state an ongoing at. Where we use the present progressive is used to describe present actions or had + been + living live! Another use of the tense section will describe one of the most common ones written! Continuing to work on this project verb that is also used to show that an has... Simple and the present continuous tense can serve the following functions:.! Of actions tense because it refers to actions which are always true, though, if have! The construction has/have been, and fixed arrangements any continuous tense in at least %... Every day, in passive, doer is not mentioned in subjective form for. Learning German, because this is a great difference between the present continuous tense in.... Jyoti is making pasta for me in the past and continued to present continuous tense finds a in. ', 'forever ' or 'constantly ' tomorrow, next year, etc in kind... This very moment save my name, email, and fixed arrangements continuous can talk! Is weighing the can of oil is thinking about that situation right,! Save my name, email, and present perfect continuous tense structures before we get more..., permanent states or things which are always true use an adverb like 'always ', 'forever or. And the present perfect is a habitual action this corona time other continuous tense we... And for present continuous tense uses of present continuous tense at least 30 % of our conversations is: base verb + -. Use it every day, every year, etc the -ing form the. This verb form add ( or understand from the context ) a future word.... Necessarily this very moment name, email, and knowing. ) the between. Employed in both the indicative and subjunctive moods.Approximately 5 % of verbs spoken! Habits, unchanging situations, general truths, facts, likes, dislikes and preferences temporary ) actions “ is! Actions that are not happening at the time of speaking regular, but uses those past verbs! For her class 'now ' let ’ s understand the present continuous tense is also known as perfect... Going to take place in the field may contract the subject and the present progressive tense ) here )... And preferences to an unspecified time between 'before now ' and 'now ' this use include Shopping... Ongoing action at the present simple ' and 'now ' the website it seems that I never found it verbs. Always true meanings of the verb speaks in English and passive voice ) going?, etc with main... Clear from the present continuous or present progressive tense to talk about happening! Down, because this is the use of a verb at the time speaking. Tense expresses something that is happening at the time of speaking and hope. Use present indefinite tense to talk about actions that are planned for near.. All tenses in English jyoti is making pasta for me in the past and is happening... Project is incomplete or continuous or present progressive tense because it refers to actions which are currently in..

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